Countries by Area | World Geography

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Countries by Area | World Geography

The independent country is not only self-governed nation with own authorities, this status needs the international diplomatic recognition of sovereignty. Thereby, we can say, that the total number of independent states in the world are 197, including fully recognized 193 members of the United Nations, 2 countries, Vatican City and Palestine, have the status of permanent observers in the UN. Another 2 states we include are Kosovo (recognized by 111 UN members) and Taiwan (recognized by 22 countries).

Vatican City

Vatican City State was founded following the signing of the Lateran Pacts between the Holy See and Italy on February 11th 1929.

These were ratified on June 7th 1929. Its nature as a sovereign State distinct from the Holy See is universally recognized under international law.

Palestine

The State of Palestine is recognized by 136 UN members and since 2012 has a status of a non-member observer state in the United Nations – which amounts to a de facto, or implicit, recognition of statehood. It is a member of the Arab League, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, G77, and the International Olympic Committee.

Kosovo

On 17 February 2008, Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia. It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 111 UN member states. Serbia refuses to recognize Kosovo as a state, although with the Brussels Agreement of 2013, it has accepted the legitimacy of its institutions. Kosovo has a lower-middle-income economy and has experienced solid economic growth over the last decade by international financial institutions, and has experienced growth every year since the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008.

Taiwan

China has consistently claimed sovereignty over Taiwan and asserted the Republic of China (Taiwan) is no longer in legitimate existence. Under its One-China Policy the PRC refused diplomatic relations with any country that recognizes the ROC. Today 20 countries recognize the ROC as the sole legal representative of China, but many other states maintain unofficial ties through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates. Although Taiwan is fully self-governing, most international organizations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership to Taiwan or allow it to participate only as a non-state actor.

Rank Sovereign State Total in km2 Notes
World 510,072,000  
1. Russia 17,098,246 Largest country in the world (10.995% of the world’s landmass); its Asian portion makes it the largest country in Asia, and its European portion of roughly 3,960,000 km2 (1,530,000 sq mi) makes it the largest country in Europe.
Antarctica 14,000,000 13,720,000 km2 (5,300,000 sq mi) (98%) of land area is covered by ice. Though not itself a country, areas are claimed by a number of countries.
2. Canada 9,984,670 Largest country in the Western Hemisphere, with the largest surface area of water. Total area and water area figures include area covered by freshwater only, and do not include internal waters (non-freshwater) of about 1,600,000 km2, or territorial waters of 200,000 km2
3. United States 9,525,067 Second largest country in the Americas, after Canada. Secondary figures for total area and water area denote the inclusion of all coastal and territorial waters into the statistical area.
4. China 9,640,011 Second largest country in Asia, after Russia. Excludes Taiwan (total 36,193 km2). Figures for total area and water area also exclude all coastal and territorial waters
5. Brazil 8,515,767 The largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere. Largest contiguous territory in the Americas.
6. Australia 7,692,024 The largest country in Oceania, the largest country without land borders, and the largest country completely in the Southern Hemisphere.
7. India 3,287,263 Third largest country in Asia.
8. Argentina 2,780,400 The largest Spanish-speaking country and second largest country in South America.
9. Kazakhstan 2,724,900 Largest landlocked country.
10. Algeria 2,381,741 The largest Arabic-speaking country and largest country in Africa.
11. Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858 Largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa and the largest officially Francophone country. 2nd largest country in Africa.
12. Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 Largest country in the Middle East.
13. Mexico 1,964,375 Clipperton Island (8.9 km², controlled by France) is not included.
14. Indonesia 1,910,931 The largest archipelagic state and island state in the world by area and population.
15. Sudan 1,861,484 Formerly the largest country in Africa. It is now the 3rd largest country in Africa.
16. Libya 1,759,540  
17. Iran 1,648,195  
18. Mongolia 1,564,110  
19. Peru 1,285,216  
20. Chad 1,284,000  
21. Niger 1,267,000  
22. Angola 1,246,700  
23. Mali 1,240,192  
24. South Africa 1,221,037  
25. Colombia 1,141,748  
26. Ethiopia 1,104,300  
27. Bolivia 1,098,581  
28. Mauritania 1,030,700  
29. Egypt 1,002,450  
30. Tanzania 945,087  
31. Nigeria 923,768  
32. Venezuela 916,445  
33. Pakistan 881,912 Also known as Islamic Republic Of Pakistan.
34. Namibia 825,615  
35. Mozambique 801,590  
36. Turkey 783,562  
37. Chile 756,102  
38. Zambia 752,612  
39. Myanmar 676,578 Also known as Burma.
40. Afghanistan 652,230  
41. South Sudan 644,329  
42. France 640,679 Figures include metropolitan France (in Europe) as well as the five overseas regions. This does not include New Caledonia (an autonomous sui generis collectivity), the five autonomous overseas collectivities, and the two uninhabited territories (the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Clipperton Island) which are listed individually, although also part of the French Republic.
43. Somalia 637,657  
44. Central African Republic 622,984  
45. Ukraine 603,500 Largest country wholly in Europe.
46. Madagascar 587,041  
47. Botswana 581,730  
48. Kenya 580,367  
49. Yemen 527,968  
50. Thailand 513,120  
51. Spain 505,992  
52. Turkmenistan 488,100  
53. Cameroon 475,442  
54. Papua New Guinea 462,840  
55. Sweden 450,295  
56. Uzbekistan 447,400  
57. Morocco 446,550  
58. Iraq 438,317  
59. Paraguay 406,752  
60. Zimbabwe 390,757  
61. Japan 377,930  
62. Germany 357,114 Before the 1990 German reunification, West Germany 248,577 (95,976) and East Germany 108,333 (41,828)
63. Republic of the Congo 342,000  
64. Finland 338,424  
65. Vietnam 331,212  
66. Malaysia 330,803  
67. Norway 323,802  
68. Ivory Coast 322,463  
69. Poland 312,679  
70. Oman 309,500  
71. Italy 301,336  
72. Philippines 300,000  
73. Ecuador 276,841  
74. Burkina Faso 274,222  
75. New Zealand 270,467  
76. Gabon 267,668  
Western Sahara 266,000 Disputed territory.
77. Guinea 245,857  
78. United Kingdom 242,495  
79. Uganda 241,550  
80. Ghana 238,533  
81. Romania 238,397  
82. Laos 236,800  
83. Guyana 214,969  
84. Belarus 207,600  
85. Kyrgyzstan 199,951  
86. Senegal 196,722  
87. Syria 185,180  
88. Cambodia 181,035  
89. Uruguay 176,215  
90. Suriname 163,820 Smallest country in South America.
91. Tunisia 163,610  
92. Bangladesh 147,570  
93. Nepal 147,181 Largest country in the Himalayan range
94. Tajikistan 143,100  
95. Greece 131,990  
96. Nicaragua 130,373 Largest country in Central America.
97. North Korea 120,540  
98. Malawi 118,484  
99. Eritrea 117,600  
100. Benin 114,763  
101. Honduras 112,492  
102. Liberia 111,369  
103. Bulgaria 110,879  
104. Cuba 109,884 Largest country in Caribbean
105. Guatemala 108,889  
106. Iceland 103,000  
107. South Korea 100,210  
108. Hungary 93,028  
109. Portugal 92,090  
110. Jordan 89,342  
111. Serbia 88,361  
112. Azerbaijan 86,600 Largest country in Caucasus
113. Austria 83,871  
114. United Arab Emirates 83,600  
115. Czech Republic 78,865  
116. Panama 75,417  
117. Sierra Leone 71,740  
118. Ireland 70,273  
119. Georgia 69,700  
120. Sri Lanka 65,610  
121. Lithuania 65,300  
122. Latvia 64,559  
123. Togo 56,785  
124. Croatia 56,594  
125. Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,209  
126. Costa Rica 51,100  
127. Slovakia 49,037  
128. Dominican Republic 48,671  
129. Estonia 45,227  
130. Denmark 43,094) Metropolitan Denmark only, without Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
131. Netherlands 41,850 Includes the special municipalities, but excludes other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, shown separately.
132. Switzerland 41,284  
133. Bhutan 38,394  
Taiwan 36,193 Before the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, the Republic of China included Mainland China, Mongolia, Taiwan and other areas, totaling 11,418,174 km2 (4,408,582 sq mi
134. Guinea-Bissau 36,125  
135. Moldova 33,846  
136. Belgium 30,528  
137. Lesotho 30,355  
138. Armenia 29,743  
139. Solomon Islands 28,896  
140. Albania 28,748  
141. Equatorial Guinea 28,051  
142. Burundi 27,834  
143. Haiti 27,750  
144. Rwanda 26,338  
145. Macedonia 25,713  
146. Djibouti 23,200  
147. Belize 22,966  
148. El Salvador 21,041 Smallest country in continental North America.
149. Israel 28,292  
150. Slovenia 20,273  
151. Fiji 18,272  
152. Kuwait 17,818  
153. Swaziland 17,364  
154. East Timor 14,874  
155. Bahamas 13,943  
156. Montenegro 13,812  
157. Vanuatu 12,189  
158. Qatar 11,586  
159. The Gambia 11,295 Smallest country in continental Africa.
160. Jamaica 10,991  
Kosovo 10,887  
161. Lebanon 10,452 Smallest country in continental Asia.
162. Cyprus 9,251  
163. Palestine 6,020  
164. Brunei 5,765  
165. Trinidad and Tobago 5,130  
166. Cape Verde 4,033  
Northern Cyprus 3,355  
167. Samoa 2,842  
Hong Kong (China) 2,755  
168. Luxembourg 2,586  
169. Mauritius 2,040  
170. Comoros 1,862  
172. Kiribati 811  
173. Bahrain 765  
174. Dominica 751  
175. Tonga 747  
176. Singapore 719  
177. Federated States of Micronesia 702  
178. Saint Lucia 616  
179. Andorra 468  
180. Palau 459  
181. Seychelles 452 Smallest country in Africa.
182. Antigua and Barbuda 442  
183. Barbados 430  
184. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389  
185. Grenada 344  
186. Malta 316  
187. Maldives 300 Smallest country in Asia.
188. Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 Smallest country in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere.
189. Marshall Islands 181  
Aruba (Netherlands) 180  
190. Liechtenstein 160  
191. San Marino 61  
192. Tuvalu 26 Smallest Commonwealth realm.
193. Nauru 21 Smallest island country, smallest republic and smallest country that isn’t a city-state.
194. Monaco 2.02 Smallest country with a coastline.
195. Vatican City 0.44 Smallest country in the world.

 

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