Countries by Area | World Geography

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    Countries by Area | World Geography

    The independent country is not only self-governed nation with own authorities, this status needs the international diplomatic recognition of sovereignty. Thereby, we can say, that the total number of independent states in the world are 197, including fully recognized 193 members of the United Nations, 2 countries, Vatican City and Palestine, have the status of permanent observers in the UN. Another 2 states we include are Kosovo (recognized by 111 UN members) and Taiwan (recognized by 22 countries).

    Vatican City

    Vatican City State was founded following the signing of the Lateran Pacts between the Holy See and Italy on February 11th 1929.

    These were ratified on June 7th 1929. Its nature as a sovereign State distinct from the Holy See is universally recognized under international law.

    Palestine

    The State of Palestine is recognized by 136 UN members and since 2012 has a status of a non-member observer state in the United Nations – which amounts to a de facto, or implicit, recognition of statehood. It is a member of the Arab League, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, G77, and the International Olympic Committee.

    Kosovo

    On 17 February 2008, Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia. It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 111 UN member states. Serbia refuses to recognize Kosovo as a state, although with the Brussels Agreement of 2013, it has accepted the legitimacy of its institutions. Kosovo has a lower-middle-income economy and has experienced solid economic growth over the last decade by international financial institutions, and has experienced growth every year since the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008.

    Taiwan

    China has consistently claimed sovereignty over Taiwan and asserted the Republic of China (Taiwan) is no longer in legitimate existence. Under its One-China Policy the PRC refused diplomatic relations with any country that recognizes the ROC. Today 20 countries recognize the ROC as the sole legal representative of China, but many other states maintain unofficial ties through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates. Although Taiwan is fully self-governing, most international organizations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership to Taiwan or allow it to participate only as a non-state actor.

    Rank Sovereign State Total in km2 Notes
    World 510,072,000  
    1. Russia 17,098,246 Largest country in the world (10.995% of the world’s landmass); its Asian portion makes it the largest country in Asia, and its European portion of roughly 3,960,000 km2 (1,530,000 sq mi) makes it the largest country in Europe.
    Antarctica 14,000,000 13,720,000 km2 (5,300,000 sq mi) (98%) of land area is covered by ice. Though not itself a country, areas are claimed by a number of countries.
    2. Canada 9,984,670 Largest country in the Western Hemisphere, with the largest surface area of water. Total area and water area figures include area covered by freshwater only, and do not include internal waters (non-freshwater) of about 1,600,000 km2, or territorial waters of 200,000 km2
    3. United States 9,525,067 Second largest country in the Americas, after Canada. Secondary figures for total area and water area denote the inclusion of all coastal and territorial waters into the statistical area.
    4. China 9,640,011 Second largest country in Asia, after Russia. Excludes Taiwan (total 36,193 km2). Figures for total area and water area also exclude all coastal and territorial waters
    5. Brazil 8,515,767 The largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere. Largest contiguous territory in the Americas.
    6. Australia 7,692,024 The largest country in Oceania, the largest country without land borders, and the largest country completely in the Southern Hemisphere.
    7. India 3,287,263 Third largest country in Asia.
    8. Argentina 2,780,400 The largest Spanish-speaking country and second largest country in South America.
    9. Kazakhstan 2,724,900 Largest landlocked country.
    10. Algeria 2,381,741 The largest Arabic-speaking country and largest country in Africa.
    11. Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858 Largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa and the largest officially Francophone country. 2nd largest country in Africa.
    12. Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 Largest country in the Middle East.
    13. Mexico 1,964,375 Clipperton Island (8.9 km², controlled by France) is not included.
    14. Indonesia 1,910,931 The largest archipelagic state and island state in the world by area and population.
    15. Sudan 1,861,484 Formerly the largest country in Africa. It is now the 3rd largest country in Africa.
    16. Libya 1,759,540  
    17. Iran 1,648,195  
    18. Mongolia 1,564,110  
    19. Peru 1,285,216  
    20. Chad 1,284,000  
    21. Niger 1,267,000  
    22. Angola 1,246,700  
    23. Mali 1,240,192  
    24. South Africa 1,221,037  
    25. Colombia 1,141,748  
    26. Ethiopia 1,104,300  
    27. Bolivia 1,098,581  
    28. Mauritania 1,030,700  
    29. Egypt 1,002,450  
    30. Tanzania 945,087  
    31. Nigeria 923,768  
    32. Venezuela 916,445  
    33. Pakistan 881,912 Also known as Islamic Republic Of Pakistan.
    34. Namibia 825,615  
    35. Mozambique 801,590  
    36. Turkey 783,562  
    37. Chile 756,102  
    38. Zambia 752,612  
    39. Myanmar 676,578 Also known as Burma.
    40. Afghanistan 652,230  
    41. South Sudan 644,329  
    42. France 640,679 Figures include metropolitan France (in Europe) as well as the five overseas regions. This does not include New Caledonia (an autonomous sui generis collectivity), the five autonomous overseas collectivities, and the two uninhabited territories (the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Clipperton Island) which are listed individually, although also part of the French Republic.
    43. Somalia 637,657  
    44. Central African Republic 622,984  
    45. Ukraine 603,500 Largest country wholly in Europe.
    46. Madagascar 587,041  
    47. Botswana 581,730  
    48. Kenya 580,367  
    49. Yemen 527,968  
    50. Thailand 513,120  
    51. Spain 505,992  
    52. Turkmenistan 488,100  
    53. Cameroon 475,442  
    54. Papua New Guinea 462,840  
    55. Sweden 450,295  
    56. Uzbekistan 447,400  
    57. Morocco 446,550  
    58. Iraq 438,317  
    59. Paraguay 406,752  
    60. Zimbabwe 390,757  
    61. Japan 377,930  
    62. Germany 357,114 Before the 1990 German reunification, West Germany 248,577 (95,976) and East Germany 108,333 (41,828)
    63. Republic of the Congo 342,000  
    64. Finland 338,424  
    65. Vietnam 331,212  
    66. Malaysia 330,803  
    67. Norway 323,802  
    68. Ivory Coast 322,463  
    69. Poland 312,679  
    70. Oman 309,500  
    71. Italy 301,336  
    72. Philippines 300,000  
    73. Ecuador 276,841  
    74. Burkina Faso 274,222  
    75. New Zealand 270,467  
    76. Gabon 267,668  
    Western Sahara 266,000 Disputed territory.
    77. Guinea 245,857  
    78. United Kingdom 242,495  
    79. Uganda 241,550  
    80. Ghana 238,533  
    81. Romania 238,397  
    82. Laos 236,800  
    83. Guyana 214,969  
    84. Belarus 207,600  
    85. Kyrgyzstan 199,951  
    86. Senegal 196,722  
    87. Syria 185,180  
    88. Cambodia 181,035  
    89. Uruguay 176,215  
    90. Suriname 163,820 Smallest country in South America.
    91. Tunisia 163,610  
    92. Bangladesh 147,570  
    93. Nepal 147,181 Largest country in the Himalayan range
    94. Tajikistan 143,100  
    95. Greece 131,990  
    96. Nicaragua 130,373 Largest country in Central America.
    97. North Korea 120,540  
    98. Malawi 118,484  
    99. Eritrea 117,600  
    100. Benin 114,763  
    101. Honduras 112,492  
    102. Liberia 111,369  
    103. Bulgaria 110,879  
    104. Cuba 109,884 Largest country in Caribbean
    105. Guatemala 108,889  
    106. Iceland 103,000  
    107. South Korea 100,210  
    108. Hungary 93,028  
    109. Portugal 92,090  
    110. Jordan 89,342  
    111. Serbia 88,361  
    112. Azerbaijan 86,600 Largest country in Caucasus
    113. Austria 83,871  
    114. United Arab Emirates 83,600  
    115. Czech Republic 78,865  
    116. Panama 75,417  
    117. Sierra Leone 71,740  
    118. Ireland 70,273  
    119. Georgia 69,700  
    120. Sri Lanka 65,610  
    121. Lithuania 65,300  
    122. Latvia 64,559  
    123. Togo 56,785  
    124. Croatia 56,594  
    125. Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,209  
    126. Costa Rica 51,100  
    127. Slovakia 49,037  
    128. Dominican Republic 48,671  
    129. Estonia 45,227  
    130. Denmark 43,094) Metropolitan Denmark only, without Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
    131. Netherlands 41,850 Includes the special municipalities, but excludes other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, shown separately.
    132. Switzerland 41,284  
    133. Bhutan 38,394  
    Taiwan 36,193 Before the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, the Republic of China included Mainland China, Mongolia, Taiwan and other areas, totaling 11,418,174 km2 (4,408,582 sq mi
    134. Guinea-Bissau 36,125  
    135. Moldova 33,846  
    136. Belgium 30,528  
    137. Lesotho 30,355  
    138. Armenia 29,743  
    139. Solomon Islands 28,896  
    140. Albania 28,748  
    141. Equatorial Guinea 28,051  
    142. Burundi 27,834  
    143. Haiti 27,750  
    144. Rwanda 26,338  
    145. Macedonia 25,713  
    146. Djibouti 23,200  
    147. Belize 22,966  
    148. El Salvador 21,041 Smallest country in continental North America.
    149. Israel 28,292  
    150. Slovenia 20,273  
    151. Fiji 18,272  
    152. Kuwait 17,818  
    153. Swaziland 17,364  
    154. East Timor 14,874  
    155. Bahamas 13,943  
    156. Montenegro 13,812  
    157. Vanuatu 12,189  
    158. Qatar 11,586  
    159. The Gambia 11,295 Smallest country in continental Africa.
    160. Jamaica 10,991  
    Kosovo 10,887  
    161. Lebanon 10,452 Smallest country in continental Asia.
    162. Cyprus 9,251  
    163. Palestine 6,020  
    164. Brunei 5,765  
    165. Trinidad and Tobago 5,130  
    166. Cape Verde 4,033  
    Northern Cyprus 3,355  
    167. Samoa 2,842  
    Hong Kong (China) 2,755  
    168. Luxembourg 2,586  
    169. Mauritius 2,040  
    170. Comoros 1,862  
    172. Kiribati 811  
    173. Bahrain 765  
    174. Dominica 751  
    175. Tonga 747  
    176. Singapore 719  
    177. Federated States of Micronesia 702  
    178. Saint Lucia 616  
    179. Andorra 468  
    180. Palau 459  
    181. Seychelles 452 Smallest country in Africa.
    182. Antigua and Barbuda 442  
    183. Barbados 430  
    184. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389  
    185. Grenada 344  
    186. Malta 316  
    187. Maldives 300 Smallest country in Asia.
    188. Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 Smallest country in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere.
    189. Marshall Islands 181  
    Aruba (Netherlands) 180  
    190. Liechtenstein 160  
    191. San Marino 61  
    192. Tuvalu 26 Smallest Commonwealth realm.
    193. Nauru 21 Smallest island country, smallest republic and smallest country that isn’t a city-state.
    194. Monaco 2.02 Smallest country with a coastline.
    195. Vatican City 0.44 Smallest country in the world.

     

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