Mountains | World General Knowledge

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Mountains | World General Knowledge

Definition:

A mountain is a large part of the earth that stretches over the surrounding earth in a limited space, usually at the top. A mountain is usually stronger than a hill. Mountains were formed by the power of tectonic or volcanism. This force can lift the earth’s surface by more than 10,000 feet [3,000 m]. Mountains overflow slowly because of rivers, climates, and glaciers. A few mountains are private islands, but most occur in very large mountains.

Formation of Mountains:

The range of the world’s highest mountains is formed when fragments of the Earth’s crust – called plates – collide with a process called plate tectonics, and then explode like a car box in a direct collision. The Himalayas in Asia were formed from a massive eruption that began about 55 million years ago. The 30 highest peaks in the world are located in the Himalayas. The peak of Mount Everest, with a peak of 8,831 meters (8,849 meters), is the highest point on Earth.

Mauna Kea (The Tallest Mountain):

The tallest mountain measured is Mauna Kea, the inactive volcano on the island of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. Measured from the ground, Mauna Kea is 10,203 meters high, although it only rises 4,796 meters (4,205 meters) above sea level.

International Mountain Day:

The United Nations General Assembly designated December 11 as International Mountain Day in 2003 as an opportunity to raise awareness of the importance of mountains in life, and to build relationships that will bring positive change to the world’s mountains and highlands.

Mountain Range

A mountain range is a group or series of nearby mountains. Mountains are often separated from other mountains by lands and rivers.

Which one is the highest mountain range of the world?

The Himalayas are the highest peaks in the world.

Which one is the longest mountain range of the world?

The Andes Mountains form the world’s longest mountain range.

Well-Known Mountain Range:

Himalayan mountains:

The Himalayas are the highest peaks in the world. Height above 30 Himalayas is more than 24,000 ft / 7315 m high.

Himalayas, are translated  as ‘Land of Ice’.

Where are the Himalayan mountains?

The Himalayas are the largest mountain ranges in Asia. They formed a 1,500-mile-long [1,500 km] stretch of Northeastern Pakistan, India, Southern Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhutan.The Himalayas is one of the smallest mountains in the world.

Alps:

The Alps are a large mountain range in south-central Europe. About 13 million people live in the Alps in more than 6,000 communities.

Magnitude of Alps:

The Alps are one of the largest and tallest mountains in the world, covering 1,800,000 miles [192,0002 km], traveling more than 1,200 miles [1,200 km] from Austria and Slovenia in the east, and Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Germany to France in the west.

The Alps cover several hundred peaks and glaciers, including many peaks of more than 12,000 feet [12,000 m], and the Mont Blanc with a peak of 15,771 feet.

Andes (Second Highest Mountains):

The Andes is the second-highest mountain range in the world, with peaks rising to over 20,000 feet [20,000 m].The Andes Mountains are the world’s tallest mountains. They stretch for 4,500 miles [7,200 km] from north to south, along the west coast of the continent.

Where is the Andes?

The Andes Mountains are to be found in South America, running north to south along the west coast of the continent.

Rockies:

The Rocky Mountains are a majestic mountain range in the North West, extending from southwest from Canada to New Mexico, some 2,500 miles [4800 km] away. The highest peak is Mount Elbert, Colorado, some 1,600 feet [4401 m] above sea level.

Karakoram:

Karakoram is a large mountain range in northeastern Pakistan and Northern India, close to the Chinese border. It stretches 300 miles southeast and includes many of the world’s highest peaks, as well as the world’s tallest glaciers.

Antarctica:

Antarctic Peninsula, Transantarctic Mountains

The highest peak, Vinson Massif in the Ellsworth Mountains, rises to 4897 m.

Africa:

Atlas, Highlands of East Africa, Highlands of Ethiopia

Asia:

Hindu Kush, Himalayas, Taurus, Elburz, Mountains of Japan

Australia:

MacDonnell Mountains.

Europe:

Pyrenees, Alps, Carpathians, Apennines, Urals, Balkan Mountains.

North America:

Appalachians, Sierra Nevada, Rocky Mountains, Laurentides.

South America:

Andes, Brazilian Highlands.

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