Pakistan Basic Facts

Pakistan Basic Facts

Official Name
Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Head of State

Head of Government
Prime Minister


Total Area
796,096 Sq.Km (Excluding Azad Jammu & Kashmir /Gilgit-Baltistan)

882,365 Sq.Km (Including Azad Jammu & Kashmir /Gilgit-Baltistan)

20,77,74,520 (according to 6th Population and Housing Census 2017)

Muslim 96.28%, Christian 1.59%, Hindu1.60%

Scheduled Castes 0.25 % Others 0.07%

Annual per Capita Income
$ 1,629
in FY 2017 (Ministry of Finance)

5.28pc in fiscal year 2016-17

Pakistani Rupee


Minor Unit: 1/100 = Paisa

1 Pakistani Rupee = 0.0095 US Dollar

Top 10 Imports
Pakistan’s import during 2016

Machinery including computers: US$6.4 billion (15.7% of total imports)

Electrical machinery, equipment: $4.7 billion (11.6%)

Iron, steel: $2.3 billion (5.5%)

Vehicles: $2 billion (5%)

Animal/vegetable fats, oils, waxes: $2 billion (4.9%)

Plastics, plastic articles: $1.8 billion (4.4%)

Organic chemicals: $1.6 billion (4%)

Cotton: $1.1 billion (2.7%)

Mineral fuels including oil: $1.1 billion (2.7%)

Manmade filaments: $1 billion (2.5%)

Top 10 Exports
Pakistan’s exports during 2016

Miscellaneous textiles, worn clothing: US$3.8 billion (20.1% of total exports)

Clothing, accessories (not knit or crochet): $3 billion (16.1%)

Knit or crochet clothing, accessories: $2.6 billion (13.8%)

Cotton: $2.5 billion (13.2%)

Cereals: $916.6 million (4.9%)

Leather/animal gut articles: $700.6 million (3.7%)

Mineral fuels including oil: $415.9 million (2.2%)

Fruits, nuts: $388.2 million (2.1%)

Manmade staple fibers: $367.3 million (2%)

Optical, technical, medical apparatus: $334.6 million (1.8%)

Official languages: Urdu, English
There are 73 languages spoken in Pakistan

Literacy Rate
58% (Economic Survey of Pakistan (2016-2017))

Government Form
Federal Parliamentary

The Parliament of Pakistan, according to the Constitution of 1973, is bicameral. Article 50 of the Constitution clearly states that the Parliament of Pakistan consists of the President and two Houses known as the National Assembly and the House of Federation (Senate) The National Assembly has a total of 342 members, including 60 seats reserved for women and 10 for non-Muslims, as per Article 51. The seats in the National Assembly are allocated to each Province, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and the Federal Capital on the basis of population, as officially published in the last preceding census (1998). The House of Federation (Senate) has a total of 104 members. Including 4 seats for non-Muslims increased through the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010 (Act No. X of 2010).

Pakistan’s National Flag
The Pakistan Flag was designed by Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan
The white and dark green field represents minorities & Muslim majority, respectively.
The crescent on the flag represents progress.
The five-rayed star represents light and knowledge.

National Anthem
Composed by Ahmad G. Chagla in 1949,
Written by Hafeez Jullundhri in 1952
Officially adopted as Pakistan’s national anthem in August 1954
Duration: 80 seconds

State Emblem
State Emblem of Pakistan was approved by the Central Government in 1954.
The four ingredients of the Emblem are:

  • The crescent and star crest at the top is a traditional symbol of Islam.
  • The shield in the center, with four partitions, shows cotton, wheat, tea and jute. These are the main crops of Pakistan and signify the strong agriculture based economy.
  • The wreath surrounding the shield is a reproduction of the floral designs used in traditional Mughal art. Its inclusion in the design reminds of the nation’s cultural heritage.
  • The scroll supporting the shield carries the Urdu version of Quaid-e-Azam’s famous motto – “Faith”, “Unity”, “Discipline”. These three words articulate the guiding principles for the nation.

Pakistan’s Official Map
Pakistan’s Official Map Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)

National Flower

National Tree
Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).

National Animal

National Bird
Chakor (Red-legged partridge)

National Game
Field Hockey, defined as a national sport in 1948.

Tourist’s resorts
Naltar valley (Naltar is famous for its colorful lakes, it is situated at a drive of 2.5 hours from Gilgit) Neelum Valley(Azad Kashmir) Shangrila resort (Skardu) Gojal Valley (borders China and Afghanistan) Deosai Plains (Deosai is located on the boundary of Karakoram and the western Himalayas) Rama Meadow (11 kilometres from Astore)  Paye , Ayun and Bamburet Valley (Chitral) White Palace Swat , Kerthar area (The Kirthar range stretches from Sindh to Balochistan) Ghanche District(Gilgit–Baltistan) Ranikot Fort (Ranikot, with a circumference of about 26 km, is the largest fort in the world) Bahawalpur, Gorak Hill

Archaeological sites
Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.

Major Cities
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot

Major Crops
Cotton, Wheat, Rice , Sugarcane and Maize

Agricultural Growth Rate
3.46 % (Economic Survey of Pakistan 2016-17)

Total cropped area
21.2 million hectares

Forest area
4.27% of Geographical Area

Textiles, Cement, Fertilizer, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding

Energy major sources
Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, and Nuclear) Oil, Coal and Liquid Petroleum Gas

Power Generating Capacity 22.9 million MW (Ministry of Water and Power)


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