The World’s Newest Countries Since 1990

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The World's Newest Countries Since 1990

Since the year 1990, 34 new countries have been created. The dissolution of the USSR and Yugoslavia in the early 1990s lead to the creation of most of the newly independent states.

Most of these countries declared independence a few months preceding the fall of the Soviet Union in late 1991:

1. Armenia 2. Azerbaijan 3. Belarus
4. Estonia 5. Georgia 6. Kazakhstan
7. Kyrgyzstan 8. Latvia 9. Lithuania
10. Moldova 11. Russia 12. Tajikistan
13. Turkmenistan 14. Ukraine 15. Uzbekistan

Former Yugoslavia

Yugoslavia dissolved in the early 1990s into five independent countries:

June 25, 1991 Croatia Slovenia
September 8, 1991 Macedonia  

(officially The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) declared independence on this date, but wasn’t recognized by the United Nations until 1993 and the United States and Russia in February of 1994.

February 29, 1992 Bosnia and Herzegovina
April 17, 1992 Serbia and Montenegro

Other New Countries

Thirteen other countries became independent through a variety of circumstances:

March 21, 1990
Namibia
became independent of South Africa. Previously, Namibia was known as South West Africa when it was a German territory.

May 22, 1990
North and South Yemen
merged to form a unified Yemen.

October 3, 1990
East Germany and West Germany
merged to form a unified Germany after the fall of the Iron Curtain.

September 17, 1991
The Marshall Islands
was part of the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands (administered by the United States) and gained independence as a former colony. On this date, Micronesia, previously known as the Caroline Islands, also became independent from the United States.

January 1, 1993
The Czech Republic and Slovakia became independent nations when Czechoslovakia dissolved.

May 25, 1993
Eritrea
was a part of Ethiopia but seceded and gained independence.

October 1, 1994
Palau
was part of the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands (administered by the United States) and gained independence as a former colony.

May 20, 2002
East Timor
(Timor-Leste) declared independence from Portugal in 1975 but did not become independent from Indonesia until 2002.

June 3, 2006
Montenegro
was part of Serbia and Montenegro (also known as Yugoslavia) but gained independence after a referendum. Two days later, Serbia became its own entity after Montenegro split.

February 17, 2008
Kosovo
unilaterally declared independence from Serbia. The representatives of the Kosovo people unanimously agreed the country would be independent of​ Serbia despite eleven of the Serbia minority boycotting this.

July 9, 2011
South Sudan
peacefully seceded from Sudan following a January 2011 referendum. Sudan itself was the first to recognize South Sudan and did so one day early.

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